Bladder cancer is a very common cancer. It's caused by the uncontrolled development of cells. Bladder cancer develops in the lining of your bladder wall.
Bladder cancer is a very common cancer. It’s caused by the uncontrolled development of cells. The common early symptom of bladder cancer is blood in the urine. In most cases, the cancer is confined to the inside lining of the bladder. Treatment of these superficial bladder cancers is comparatively easy and often curative. Treatment depends on the position and size of the cancer in your bladder and how far it has spread.
Bladder cancer develops in the lining of your bladder wall. Bladder cancer is usually found because of signs or symptoms one is having, or it might be found due to lab tests a person is getting for another reason. If bladder cancer is suspected, exams and tests will be needed to confirm the diagnosis. Bladder cancer includes a better chance of being treated successfully if it’s found early.
Causes Of Bladder Cancer
In many cases, the reason why a bladder cancer develops is not known. There are factors which are known to alter the risk of bladder cancer developing. However, certain things increase your risk of getting the disease. They are described below.
- Smoking triples your chance of bladder cancer. Exposure to second-hand smoke during childhood can also increase your risk.
- Exposure to certain industrial chemicals, for example those used in printing and textiles, gas and tar manufacturing, and iron and aluminium-processing industries.
- A long-term infection using the parasitic disease schistosomiasis, which is also known as bilharzia.
- A long-term or repeated bladder infection.
- Having certain kinds of chemotherapy or radiotherapy treatment for your pelvic area.
Symptoms Of Bladder Cancer
The most common symptom of bladder cancer is having blood in your urine. Other symptoms may include having.
- Blood or blood clots in the urine (hematuria). Hematuria occurs in 8 or 9 out of 10 people who have bladder cancer and it is the most common symptom. Usually it’s not painful.
- Pain during urination (dysuria).
- Urinating a small amount frequently.
- Frequent urinary tract infections (UTIs).
- Pain in the lower back around the kidneys.
- Swelling in the lower legs.
- A growth in the pelvis near the bladder.
Treatments For Bladder Cancer
- Surgery to remove the cancer. Surgery, either alone or along with other treatments, is used in most cases.
- Chemotherapy to eliminate cancer cells using medicines. Chemotherapy might be given before or after surgery.
- Radiation therapy to destroy cancer cells using high-dose X-rays or other high-energy rays. Radiation therapy may also be given before or after surgery and may be given at the same time as chemotherapy.