Lung cancer is treated in several ways, depending on the type of lung cancer and how far it has spread.
There are many lung cancer treatments available for lung cancer. These vary depending upon the type of lung cancer and stage. During treatment for any stage of lung cancer, there are steps you can take at home to manage some symptoms and side effects. Each patient is different, and his or her course of treatment will be personalized. Your treatment for lung cancer will be customized to your particular needs. It may include one or more of the following therapies to treat the cancer or help relieve symptoms.
What Is Lung Cancer?
Lung cancer is understood as the constant growth and multiplication of abnormal cells in one or both lungs. The cells, however, do not change into healthy lung tissues. They thus rapidly divide themselves and form tumours. When the tumours increase in size, they lead to malfunctioning that reduces the ability of the lungs to perform at their best.
Types of Treatment
Lung cancer is treated in several ways, depending on the type of lung cancer and how far it has spread. People with non-small cell lung cancer can be treated with surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, or a combination of these treatments. People with small cell lung cancer are usually treated with radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
Surgical removal of a tumour offers the best chance of a cure for patients who have early-stage cancer. The multidisciplinary team will look at whether or not the cancer has spread beyond the lungs, your general well-being and fitness, and your breathing capacity. They will see if you would be fit enough for surgery and decide if it is an option for you.
Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to cure or control cancer. Chemotherapy drugs can be given on their own or with each other (in combination). Many lung cancer patients receive a combination of two or three chemotherapy drugs. Chemotherapy can also be given before or after radiotherapy and surgery. Chemotherapy drugs are either injected into your bloodstream or given in tablet form.
Radiotherapy treats cancer by using x-ray beams to kill cancer cells. It can be given to treat lung cancer that hasn’t spread outside the chest or to treat a tumour that is too large for surgery. Radiotherapy can also be used to treat cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes. This may stop the cancer from spreading further or from returning later.
Biological therapy uses the body’s immune system to treat cancer. Every patient’s disease is different and doctors can now test your tumour following a biopsy to see whether it will respond to certain biological therapies. Biological therapies are also called ‘Targeted therapies’ or ‘Personalised medicine’. Testing a tumour to see if it will respond to a particular biological therapy is called molecular testing.