Prostate cancer is cancer that starts within the prostate gland. This needs treatment to help prevent or delay it spreading away from prostate gland.
Prostate cancer is cancer that starts within the prostate gland. Prostate cancer can grow slowly or quickly. Most prostate cancer is slow-growing to begin with and may never cause any symptoms or problems inside a man’s lifetime. However, some men may have cancer that is more aggressive or high risk. This needs treatment to help prevent or delay it spreading away from prostate gland.
If a man comes with symptoms, such as problems urinating, they could be mild. For some men the first noticeable symptoms come from prostate cancer which has spread for their bones. The prostate is really a small, walnut-sized structure that makes up a part of a man’s reproductive system. It wraps round the urethra. This is the tube that carries urine from the body. Here are some symptoms and treatment of cancer.
Signs and Symptoms
Prostate cancer frequently doesn’t produce any symptoms before the condition is quite advanced. Sometimes it is diagnosed after treatment is sought for problems with urinary function. Symptoms of prostate cancer are often similar to those of benign prostate conditions.
- Decreased force from the urine stream
- Pain and/or difficulty when passing urine
- Passing urine more frequently (especially during the night)
- Blood in the urine
- Wherewithal to pass urine (this can occur because the cancer enlarges, blocking the urethra).
- It’s possible for the cancer cells to spread in the prostate gland to other areas of the body where further tumors can be cultivated. The most common places for prostate cancer to spread to would be the lymph nodes of the pelvis and the bones from the spine. Spread of the cancer can establish symptoms such as lower back pain.
Treatment depends upon many things, including your Gleason score as well as your overall health.
If the cancer hasn’t spread outside the prostate gland, common treatments include:
- Radiation therapy, including brachytherapy and proton therapy
- If you’re older, your doctor may recommend simply monitoring the cancer with PSA tests and biopsies.
- When the prostate cancer has spread, treatment may include hormone therapy. It may be used for all but the earliest stage of prostate cancer. It may be given before, together with, or after other treatments.
If prostate cancer spreads even after hormone therapy, surgery, or radiation continues to be tried, treatment may include:
- Immunotherapy (medicine to trigger the immune system to attack and kill cancer cells)
- Surgery, radiation therapy, and hormone therapy can impact your sexual performance. Problems with urine control are possible after surgery and radiotherapy. Discuss your concerns together with your health care provider.
After treatment for prostate cancer, you will be closely watched to make sure cancer does not spread. This involves routine checkups, including PSA blood tests .